The Best American Short Stories 2010
Mariner Books /Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2010
448 pp., 24.95
Linda McCullough Moore
Best American Short Stories 2010
As a story-writer might well do, I called up The Paris Review on a recent Tuesday morning and asked the British woman who answered the phone about how many stories they turn down a year. She put me on hold. A long time. Maybe she was counting.
Fourteen thousand eighty-four. Actually I did the math myself. She said they publish about 16 stories a year out of the roughly 15,000 submitted. Lesser publications (who shall be nameless, i.e., not yours) reported smaller numbers, but the odds of a story seeing print were still on the order of one in a hundred.
So while the eternal lament is no doubt true—no one, but no one, reads short stories—a lot of people sure do seem to be writing them. With mixed results, if the stories in The Best American Short Stories 2010 are representative. If they are. One takes these things on faith.
A number of these stories are very fine indeed. They might not change life on the planet Earth, but some hint at simple truths, however much the big-T Truth might elude the teller. And some, sadly, are hardly fine at all. What distinguishes the worthy from the not, the strong from weak, seems to be a willingness to wonder. To marvel and to ponder. The stories which are most disappointing feel arduously crafted, "workshopped," whipped into shape, weighted down. Lauren Groff begins her story "Delicate Edible Birds" with a description of a Paris "covered by a dusky skin," its city arches "the curve of a throat," "the street corners, elbows," the city itself "dinless," water in its puddles splashing "into great wings," and just outside, an invading German army, "the tarry massing." That pretty much constitutes the invitation to read the second paragraph.
But my quibbles with this story involve graver failings still, ones it shares with a number of others in the collection. In each of these, it is as though the writer has a quota of vignettes and anecdotes she must fit inside one story. In Groff's case, these include the life of Hemingway's wife, Martha Gelhorn, and a story Groff once read about Francois Mitterrand, oh and for good measure, a classic Maupassant story, "Boule de Suif." The latter, in its entirety.
In the Maupassant/Groff story, a prostitute/wildly promiscuous journalist is traveling with strangers/colleagues who are held captive by Prussians/German sympathizers, who will feed and free them only if the prostitute/journalist spends the night with her captor. The strangers/colleagues, at first appalled, move finally to encouraging the prostitute/journalist to give herself for one night (What's one more man, really?) to secure their freedom. It's a good story; it's just that in Groff's telling it feels like part of a writing project. It is as though she is erecting an elaborate structure, working from outside. Groff never gets lost inside her story because she never enters in. Richard Russo, editor of this year's collection, writes in the introduction, "The best art has always had the power to seduce its creator." Here—the main character not excepted—nobody gets seduced, not the writer, not the reader.
More engaged and so more engaging is Jill McCorkle's "PS," the entire story a letter written to a psychiatrist who for $200 an hour attempted to heal the writer's marriage to an oppressively born-again husband. This is the letter that every analysand could write to every analyst, changing only the names and art work on the walls. McCorkle takes that relationship to the cleaners and does some alterations while she's there. "If I had your job," the ex-wife writes on page 14 of the letter she will not be paying to have read, "I might ask: After the nuclear disaster and you are thinking about your life, Who would you want hearing your whispers? Whose breath do you want mingled with your own? Whose flesh still warm beside you?" The letter-writer's answer: decidedly not her saved husband, who is neither parody nor caricature, but a flesh-and-blood, card-carrying misery maker, as was no doubt this letter-writing wife to him. The story holds out little hope for psychotherapy or marriage, either one, but intimates that children can be wonderful and Disney World a blast. (The ex-wife never gets so far as the husband in Jim Shephard's story "The Netherlands Lives with Water," who asks, "What sort of person ends up with someone like me? What sort of person finds that acceptable?")
More satisfying still is "Donkey Greedy, Donkey Gets Punched," by Steve Almond, in which a psychoanalyst with a poker addiction treats the world poker champ. Almond pits psychology, introspection, family history, and depressions against risk, excitement, high stakes, and real life. He pits a man against his son, against his father, against another man. And someone wins and someone loses. It's just that it is never clear which one.
This contest rages on in the stunning story "Further Interpretations of Real-Life Events," by Kevin Moffett. Here a father and son "write truish stories about fathers and sons," the son well-schooled and long-practiced, the father brand new to the game, but each masterful at those lies which tell the truth. What a good story this is. I turned down the corners of almost every page, some with two or three folds. I laughed out loud, and sighed, and longed to have my father (and my mother and my brothers and my sister and a few inquisitive neighbors) take up fiction writing. Long-remembered scenes of this son's boyhood find their explanation in his father's stories. The son has always puzzled over an odd and random trip to the town dump when he was a small boy. This shows up in his father's story as a pilgrimage to all the things that once belonged to his dead wife. An equally perplexing trip to Mexico turns out to have been one last vain attempt to save her young life. The truth here: "Anything worth saying is unsayable. That's why we tell stories." That's why, I think, we read them. For explanation of those old mysteries that mark our dreams and haunt our wakings. For answers, or at the very least, for worthy questions.
In Moffett's story, the son must struggle to find the stories he must tell. He goes looking. In a cemetery, he comes upon a man lying in front of a headstone, "practicing for eternity." "What moments made any other moment than this impossible?" (Talk about fine questions.) And others: Did the old man take a taxi here? At some point will he stand up and go off and buy himself some lunchmeat? Everything that happens hints at meaning, is enriched by context, and is made more bearable by humor and perspective. Understanding is not incidental, it is pivotal and curative.
Moffett's irony is honed to pure delight. No wisecrack satire here, but rather a warmhearted acknowledgement that a lot of things in life are really very funny, and there is healing in our laughter. In the introduction, Russo quotes an aged Isaac Bashevis Singer saying that the purpose of a story is to entertain and to instruct, and Russo adds: "The desire to show people a good time is a generous impulse rooted in humility. The writer comes to us bearing a gift he hopes will please us."
And so this story does. Moffett deals brilliantly with the interplay of writing and living. "It isn't a story," the son says. "I'm living it." Art and life, and that thin, moving line between. Watching his father holding his new wife's hand, taking unselfconscious pleasure in a children's dolphin show, the son feels "like we were at an auction, bidding on the same item." Forced to acknowledge his admiration for his father's writing, he feels "as if I'd swallowed a stone. I felt it settling and the moss starting to cover it." "In the deadness of the dark room, there is the stone-on-stone sound of a crypt top sliding closed as soon as I began drifting to sleep." The father-son thing, no mean matter. But in the end, this father who can shake a gift-wrapped Christmas present and tell if it is biography or autobiography, gives his son a gift and tells him to hold it up to his ear and shake it. "Listen. Don't think. Listen," he says. "Listen harder."
In so many of these stories, there are poignant hints and whispers, but no one who attempts to listen. In a recent NPR interview, a famed atheist, now terminally ill, betrayed some interest in the idea of living forever, or, at least not ever dying. But he, like the writers of these stories, seeks nothing in reality to correspond to universal longings, nothing in word or sentiment to question the arrangements for our sure annihilation. It's not just that there's no wonder; there is no wondering.
A despondent rancher in Maggie Shipstead's story "The Cowboy Tango" lies "alone in his bed, joined in the silent chorus of the unloved. It seemed that his longing and the moment when day tipped over into night were made out of the same stuff, aching and purple." In the last line of the final story, "Raw Water," Wells Tower writes, "Far above the eastern hills, a council of clouds shed a gray fringe of moisture. The promise of rain was a glad sight in the mournful scene, though in fact this was a rain of a frail kind, turning to vapor a mile above the brown land, never to be of use to women and men on earth."
And that's the story.
Linda McCullough Moore lives and writes short stories in Northampton, Massachusetts.
Copyright © 2010 Books & Culture. Click for reprint information.
See all comments